Public-private partnerships explained: urban sanitation service delivery in Bangladesh

Themes: Faecal sludge management Market development Public finance Regulation Sanitation Utilities
Countries: Bangladesh

This publication is part of a series examining the different ways in which public-private collaboration is being realised in Bangladesh, Kenya, and Zambia – three countries where WSUP is working with Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) to improve the enabling environment for urban and peri-urban Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) services.

This report details the national context for Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in Bangladesh, before going on to summarise one PPP that is now moving into the scale-up phase.

The City Corporation and Pourashava Acts (2009) assign responsibility for sanitation services to local government, but the mandate for faecal sludge management (FSM) is unclear in cities where there is a Water Supply and Sewerage Authority (WASA) and a City Corporation, as in the case of Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna and Rajshahi.

Recent moves to clarify responsibility for urban FSM have culminated in the development of an Institutional and Regulatory Framework for FSM: while there were no official private actors involved in urban sanitation and FSM until WSUP’s intervention began in Dhaka, the draft framework highlights the potential for private sector participation.