Public-private partnerships explained: urban sanitation service delivery in Kenya

Themes: Faecal sludge management Market development Public finance Regulation Sanitation Utilities
Countries: Kenya

This publication is part of a series examining the different ways in which public-private collaboration is being realised in Bangladesh, Kenya and Zambia – three countries where WSUP is working with Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) to improve the enabling environment for urban and peri-urban faecal sludge management services.

This report details the Kenyan context for Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs), before going on to present one example PPP that is improving urban sanitation services.

Kenya has a specific PPP legal framework, orchestrated by a PPP unit that sits within the National Treasury. The framework is based on international best practice principles for PPPs, although the system has not yet been tested throughout a project cycle (i.e. from the initial design of a project to its eventual operation, oversight and completion).

Kenya’s national government receives additional financial support from the World Bank’s Infrastructure Finance and Public Private Partnerships Project, which is investing US$ 40 million to support PPP projects and strengthen the enabling environment in Kenya.