Public-private partnerships explained: urban sanitation service delivery in Zambia

Themes: Faecal sludge management Market development Public finance Regulation Sanitation Utilities
Countries: Zambia

This publication is part of a series examining the different ways in which public-private collaboration is being realised in Bangladesh, Kenya, and Zambia – three countries where WSUP is working with Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) to improve the enabling environment for urban and peri-urban Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) services.

This report details the context against which Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in Zambia need to operate, before going on to present one example PPP that is improving urban sanitation services in Lusaka.

Zambia has had a specific legal framework for PPPs since passing the Public Private Partnership (PPP) Act in 2009. The PPP process is headed by the PPP Unit, originally located in the Ministry of Finance but since absorbed into the Zambia Development Agency. PPPs in Zambia are very flexible, referring to “any form of partnership between public authorities and the private sector for the construction, management and/or provision of an infrastructure or public service”.