Themes: Faecal sludge management Research Sanitation Urban Sanitation Research Initiative
This report, part of WSUP’s Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, explores the background to the urban sanitation sector in Ghana.
Summary of findings:
- Ghana is a fast-growing economy that has made notable progress in reducing poverty.
- Urban infrastructure has not kept pace with cities’ expansion and high levels of rural-urban migration.
- Only a fraction of urban residents use improved sanitation facilities as per the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) definition, but transport and treatment services are developing.
- Well-developed legal, policy, and strategy frameworks exist but need to be fully implemented.
- Sanitation has not been a public funding priority and households bear the bulk of the costs.
- From lack of prioritisation to insufficient demand and limited supply, barriers to developing pro-poor sanitation services remain significant.