PUBLICATIONS

When are communal or public toilets an appropriate option?

Themes: Public/shared toilets Sanitation
Countries: Kenya Madagascar Mozambique

This Topic Brief explores the viability of communal or public toilets as an alternative to individual household toilets, noting the challenges of financing and sustainable management arrangements. It argues that communal or public toilets may be the most appropriate medium-term solution in some specific situations: notably in high-density slums with a high proportion of tenants and/or frequent flooding and water-logging.